Are You Ready For Automotive High-performance Computing in Future Smart Cars?


The Rapid Growth in the Demand of Smart Cars

In recent years, the global automotive semiconductor chip market has grown rapidly. According to Morgan Stanley in 2023, the automotive high-performance computing semiconductor market will triple in the next five years, and the overall market will reach 2 billion USD in 2023. They predict in 2027, the overall market will grow to 6 billion USD with a 29% compound annual growth rate (CAGR). Thanks to the increasing demand for the customization of HPC chips for automobiles, the estimated revenue of chip design manufacturers is also expected to increase by 2 billion USD in the next five years.

The Rapid Growth in the Demand of Smart Cars

High-speed Computing, Data Communication, and Data Transmission

As connected cars are now the trend, high-speed data transmission and automotive HPC platforms need management and processing for each vehicle’s electronic control unit (ECU). In response to various ECU data transmission and low-latency requirements, automotive HPC chips should also be equipped with a PCIe packet switch that complies with PCIe standards and AEC-Q100 certifications. This is required to achieve high-speed integration, communication, and transmission for each terminal.

high-speed data transmission and automotive HPC platforms need management and processing for each vehicle’s electronic control unit (ECU).

Let’s take high-frequency millimeter-wave radars as an example. Through the ECU. the radar data will all be collected within the image processing unit of the automotive HPC. This type of data processing needs a reliable high-speed, low-latency interface with excellent synchronization, such as the Automotive Ethernet MultiGBASE-T1 with transmission speeds of up to 10Gbps.

the radar data will all be collected within the image processing unit of the automotive HPC.

Similar to PC motherboards, automotive HPC is a platform-based integration with PCIe channels with CPU, memory, and I/O interfaces. This is how different ECUs in the car can be controlled and integrated.

automotive HPC is a platform-based integration with PCIe channels with CPU, memory, and I/O interfaces.

Types of High-speed Computing:

  • Real-time environment data analysis
  • Smart driver’s seat / User data calculation
  • Vehicle control / IoT and cloud services
  • Self-driving functionalities
  • Vehicle safety and motion sensor functionalities


Automotive HPC is closely related to high-frequency/high-performance computing components, high-speed transmission interfaces, complex processing, and computing resource allocation. Not to mention the complex user scenarios for each vehicle, it can be said that automotive HPC has strict requirements for signal transmission, data processing, system stability, durability, compatibility, and safety.

The Key of the Next-Gen Smart Cockpit: Common Issues for Car Voice Assistants  
During driving, potential issues with HPC could affect the control of the vehicle, which could result in a car accident.


Potential Risks of Smart Car Ecosystems


Developers/manufacturers are not familiar with automotive HPC ecosystems

Most car manufacturers lack experience and expertise with PC components, let alone complex high-performance platforms such as automotive HPC. In 2021, Tesla had a recall involving flash memory issues. The reason for this is that the developers in the factory are not familiar with the specifications and designs of PC-related components.

In 2021, Tesla had a recall involving flash memory issues.
Source: eeNews Europe


Developers/manufacturers do not fully understand user scenarios

Under the conditions of a user scenario, when vehicle temperatures drastically change, the HPC components will be affected. When the CPU overheats, slows down, or restarts, the display screen could fail to display the rearview camera, gear status, windshield visibility, warning lights, or other control settings, increasing the risk of accidents. In 2022, Tesla had a recall involving overheating CPUs. This was caused by high-temperature conditions, which could have been avoided during the development stage with a user scenario simulation.

In 2022, Tesla had a recall involving overheating CPUs.

Potential Issues For Various User Scenarios:

  • Poor wireless signal quality prevents drivers from receiving traffic information
  • The transmission error rate is too high or influenced by outer noise, causing the vehicle to malfunction
  • Smart driver’s seat functions malfunction, making it difficult for drivers to focus on the road
  • High-temperature environments, strong vibrations, and poor durability cause malfunctions
  • Information security issues or hackers cause the vehicle to malfunction, increasing the risk of accidents.
  • Compatibility issues with the smart driver’s seat and smartphones/accessories.

These issues usually come from the following problems in the product development phase.

Common Issues For Automotive HPC With High-frequency Transmission:

  • Pairing failure
  • Delay
  • Excess noise
  • High attenuation
  • High bit error rate
  • Poor signal strength
  • Incorrect format

The main reason why these issues occur is because developers encounter the following challenges:

Possible Technical Barriers For Car Manufacturers:

  • Lack of experience in this field
  • Limited resources and equipment
  • Difficult to set up certification testing environment
  • Unfamiliar with new technologies
  • Testing specifications and standards cannot be updated in real-time
  • Difficult to design user scenario simulations and tests
  • Lack of consultation from qualified professional teams

Possible Technical Barriers For Car Manufacturers:

Faster, Easier, Better: Customized Consulting Service for Automotive HPC

Allion can provide the corresponding equipment needed for certification testing and consultants that assist developers with automotive HPC standards, specifications, and other needs.

For high-frequency, high-speed platforms like automotive HPC, the product planning stage is crucial for success. Component selection, wiring arrangements, specification data, or design mistakes can significantly affect cost and time during the product design phase. Although the product design phase does not require a lot of testing, it still requires constant communication, discussion, and evaluation with manufacturers. This is what Allion mainly focuses on with our clients and partners.

With advanced planning, professional equipment, and decades of experience, Allion can provide clients with consulting, strategy development, and suggestions on specifications during the automotive HPC development phase. Allion can help you get your product quality under control for the sake of your consumers by providing you with faster, more efficient, and more complete solutions.


Faster: Helping Clients Speed Up Product Testing

  • High-frequency Fixture Design and Testing

Allion’s R&D team has developed high-frequency testing modules based on research in the market, which meet the Tx/Rx Electrical Signal testing requirements. (Allion Test Fixture

Allion Labs - PCIe CLB Test Fixture

  • High-frequency/High-speed Measuring Equipment and a Complete Testing Environment

Cables in the vehicle will go through seats, doors, wheels, and engines. In a complex environment like this, we need to consider interference throughout the entire system during the development phase. Allion can provide customized consulting certification solutions for various environments, such as high temperatures, high humidity, high pressure, multi-signal interference, and more. Professional measurement instruments will also be provided to ensure performance with the cables in the vehicle.

High-Speed Interface for Automobiles

  • Scope: Keysight 33G, Tektronic 25G, R&S
  • BERT: Keysight 32G, Tektronic 20G, Anrizu 32G
  • Network analyzer : Keysight 20G, Anrizu 20G
  • USB-PD: LeCroy, MQP, Ellisys, GRL, Chroma
  • IOP: Vector
  • Authorized by Intel, Apple, Microsoft, USB, HDMI, Wi-Fi, ETC
  • Temperature chambers, humidity chambers, vibration testing equipment, RF chambers, darkrooms, anechoic chambers, and more.

Allion Labs - High-frequency/High-speed Measuring Equipment and a Complete Testing Environment


Easier: Helping Clients Improve Product Performance More Conveniently

Product Certification Services

  • ART Smart Solution For Vehicle Testing

A system-level integration test can be carried out for automotive HPC platforms or smart cockpit functions. This can be customizable which is very suitable for different user scenario simulation requirements in the smart cockpit. It’s also possible to carry out user scenario simulation tests in different vehicle environments such as high vibration, high/low temperature, and more. A combined cycle performance test can also be an option.


  • Automotive HPC Testing for high-speed transmission interface
  • Automotive HPC Testing for key component
  • Head Unit Wired Interface Testing
  • Head Unit Wireless Testing
  • Voice assistant certification
  • User scenario simulation and function integration testing
  • Product software and hardware update certifications
  • Hardware in the Loop (HIL) Solution
  • Highly Accelerated Life Test (HALT)
Allion Labs - Highly Accelerated Life Test (HALT)
HALT can perform various real vehicle environmental user scenario condition simulation tests for “Automotive HPC platform / smart cockpit functionality,”

Better: Providing Clients With a More Complete Service

Consulting and Strategy Services

  • Regulations, technical standards, and training
  • Component supplier evaluation
  • Automotive HPC specification design evaluation/consulting
  • Automotive HPC software and hardware integration assessment/consulting
  • Early-stage sampling testing, modification suggestions, and improvement strategies based on test results
  • Test planning and strategy discussion
  • Product certification and problem analysis
  • Clarification of customer complaints and improvement suggestions

Allion Labs_Faster, Easier, Better

As a pioneer of major certifications and specifications, Allion maintains close relationships with various associations, providing our clients with professional guidance and testing for design and applications. We continue to cooperate with Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Volvo, Audi, Toyota, Ford, Nissan, Mazda, and other internationally famous vehicle manufacturers with multiple counts of cooperation. We’ve developed a number of vehicle-related technologies that bring our clients the latest technological changes and directions. Allion sincerely invites you to continue advancing in the automotive industry together.

Smart Cockpit Experience - Mercedes-AMG GLE Coupe 53 User Scenario Review

Smart Cockpit Experience - Mercedes-AMG GLE Coupe 53 User Scenario Review

If you have any further needs related to testing, certifications, or consulting services regarding automotive products, please take a look at the services we provide on our website, or contact us through this online form. We will be glad to help you.

Allion Quality Management Standard for Head Units

Allion Automotive Ecosystem Consulting


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